United Kingdom

William Juvenal Colville

William Juvenal Colville
William Wilberforce Juvenal Colville (September 5, 1860 - January 15, 1917) was an English-born medium, lecturer, and author of numerous books on Spiritualism, New Thought, and related esoteric subjects.

Clements R. Markham

Clements R. Markham
Sir Clements Robert Markham was an English geographer, explorer, and writer. He was secretary of the Royal Geographical Society (RGS) between 1863 and 1888, and later served as the Society's president for a further 12 years.

Hugh Chisholm

Hugh Chisholm
Hugh Chisholm was a British journalist, and editor of the 10th, 11th and 12th editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica.

Robert H. Charles

Robert H. Charles
Robert Henry (R. H.) Charles, FBA (Cookstown, 6 August 1855–Westminster, 1931) was an Irish Anglican theologian, biblical scholar, professor, and translator from Northern Ireland

Robert Chambers

Robert Chambers
Robert Chambers FRSE FGS LLD (/ˈtʃeɪmbərz/; 10 July 1802 – 17 March 1871) was a Scottish publisher, geologist, evolutionary thinker, author and journal editor who, like his elder brother and business partner William Chambers, was highly influential in mid-19th-century scientific and political circles.

Robert Brown

Robert Brown Portrait by Henry William Pickersgill
Robert Brown FRSE FRS FLS MWS (21 December 1773 – 10 June 1858) was a Scottish botanist and paleobotanist who made important contributions to botany largely through his pioneering use of the microscope.

Raymond S. Bradley

Raymond S. Bradley
My interests are in climate variability across a wide range of time scales. I'm particularly interested in how present day climate differs from climates in the past, and what may have caused climates to change.

David J. Bellamy

David J. Bellamy
David James Bellamy was an English botanist, television presenter, author and environmental campaigner.

Edward Gibbon

Portrait, oil on canvas, of Edward Gibbon by Sir Joshua Reynolds
Edward Gibbon was an English historian, writer and Member of Parliament. His most important work, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788 and is known for the quality and irony of its prose, its use of primary sources, and its polemical criticism of organized religion.

Arnold J. Toynbee

Arnold J. Toynbee
Arnold Toynbee, (born April 14, 1889, London—died Oct. 22, 1975, York, North Yorkshire, Eng.), English historian whose 12-volume A Study of History (1934–61) put forward a philosophy of history, based on an analysis of the cyclical development and decline of civilizations, that provoked much discussion.