United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR)

Nikolaĭ Bukharin

Nikolaĭ Bukharin
Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin (9 October [O.S. 27 September] 1888 – 15 March 1938) was a Bolshevik revolutionary, Soviet Union politician, marxist philosopher and prolific author on revolutionary theory.

N. S. Trubetzkoy

Nikolai Trubetzkoy
Prince Nikolai Sergeyevich Trubetzkoy was a Russian linguist and historian whose teachings formed a nucleus of the Prague School of structural linguistics. He is widely considered to be the founder of morphophonology. He was also associated with the Russian Eurasianists.

Mikhail Bulgakov

Mikhail Bulgakov
Mikhail Afanasyevich Bulgakov was a Russian writer, medical doctor and playwright active in the first half of the 20th century. He is best known for his novel The Master and Margarita, published posthumously, which has been called one of the masterpieces of the 20th century.

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, historian, and short story writer. He was an outspoken critic of the Soviet Union and Communism and helped to raise global awareness of its Gulag labor camp system. He was allowed to publish only one work in the Soviet Union, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, in the periodical Novy Mir.

Anatoly Liberman

Anatoly Liberman
Anatoly Liberman, Professor in the Department of German, Scandinavian and Dutch in the College of Liberal Arts at the University of Minnesota, discusses his research. His Russian translation of all 154 sonnets by Shakespeare, TRANSLITERATION: VIL’AM SHEKSPIR, SONETY, was recently published by one of the most prestigious publishers in Moscow.

Ayn Rand

Ayn Rand
During her own lifetime, Rand became a famous and controversial figure. A best-selling author, she also carried her message to university classrooms, to Hollywood, to Congress, to the editorial page, to talk shows and radio programs. Her presence has only increased since her death in 1982, as her philosophy has become more well-known. Today, her books have sold in the millions, and she's the subject of an Oscar-nominated documentary, a U.S. postage stamp, university courses, and a philosophical society devoted to the study of her thought.

Immanuel Velikovsky

Immanuel Velikovsky
Russian independent scholar who wrote a number of books reinterpreting the events of ancient history, in particular the US bestseller Worlds in Collision published in 1950. Earlier, he had played a role in the founding of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel, and was a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst.