United Kingdom

Edward Gibbon

Portrait, oil on canvas, of Edward Gibbon by Sir Joshua Reynolds
Edward Gibbon was an English historian, writer and Member of Parliament. His most important work, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788 and is known for the quality and irony of its prose, its use of primary sources, and its polemical criticism of organized religion.

Arnold J. Toynbee

Arnold J. Toynbee
Arnold Toynbee, (born April 14, 1889, London—died Oct. 22, 1975, York, North Yorkshire, Eng.), English historian whose 12-volume A Study of History (1934–61) put forward a philosophy of history, based on an analysis of the cyclical development and decline of civilizations, that provoked much discussion.

David Hume

David Hume
David Hume was a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism.

Ian Graham

Ian Graham
Ian James Alastair Graham was a British Mayanist whose explorations of Maya ruins in the jungles of Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize helped establish the Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions published by the Peabody Museum of Harvard University.

William Gell

William Gell
Sir William Gell was an English classical archaeologist and illustrator.

John Garstang

John Garstang
John Garstang (5 May 1876 – 12 September 1956) was a British archaeologist of the ancient Near East, especially Anatolia and the southern Levant.

Percy Gardner

Percy Gardner
Percy Gardner, FSA, FBA was an English classical archaeologist and numismatist. He was Disney Professor of Archaeology at the University of Cambridge from 1879 to 1887. He was Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology and Art at the University of Oxford from 1887 to 1925.

Josephine Flood

Josephine Flood
Josephine Mary Flood is an English-born Australian archaeologist, mountaineer, and author.

Charles Fellows

Charles Fellows
Sir Charles Fellows, (born August 1799, near Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, Eng.—died Nov. 8, 1860, London), English archaeologist who discovered ruins of the cities of Lycia—in antiquity a region of present-day southwestern Turkey—and transported a large number of marble sculptures to England.

Amelia Edwards

Amelia Edwards
Amelia Ann Blanford Edwards (7 June 1831 – 15 April 1892), also known as Amelia B. Edwards, was an English novelist, journalist, traveler and Egyptologist.