Paul Carus

Paul Carus
Vital Statistics
 Name: Paul Carus, Ph.D.
 Country of Origin: Germany
 Occupations: Philosopher, Editor
 Specialties: Philosophy of Religion
 Year born: 1852
 Year died: 1919
 Age: 67
 ISNI: 0000 0000 8077 1147
 LCNA: n80034397
 Attribution:
Original Curator: MaryC

Paul Carus  was a German-American author, editor, a student of comparative religion and philosopher.

Carus considered himself a theologian rather than philosopher. He referred to himself as "an atheist who loved God".

Carus is proposed to be a pioneer in the promotion of interfaith dialogue. He explored the relationship of science and religion, and was instrumental in introducing Eastern traditions and ideas to the West. He was a key figure in the introduction of Buddhism to the West, sponsoring Buddhist translation work of D.T. Suzuki, and fostering a lifelong working friendship with Buddhist Master, Soyen Shaku. Carus' interest in Asian religions seems to have intensified after he attended the World's Parliament of Religions (in 1893).

For years afterwards, Carus was a strong sympathizer of Buddhist ideas, but stopped short of committing fully to this, or any other, religion. Instead, he ceaselessly promoted his own rational concept which he called the "Religion of Science." Carus had a selective approach and he believed that religions evolve over time. After a battle for survival, he expected a "cosmic religion of universal truth" to emerge from the ashes of traditional beliefs.

Carus proposed his own philosophy similar to panpsychism known as 'panbiotism', which he defined as "everything is fraught with life; it contains life; it has the ability to live.

Collaborators
Referenced In
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Articles Published

First published:

Detailed Body of Work
(33 listed)
The Rise of Man: A Sketch of the Origin of the Human Race
Paul Carus - The Rise of Man
Excerpt from The Rise of Man: A Sketch of the Origin of the Human Race Darwin's views were bitterly opposed, although it would seem more dignified if God had fashioned the first man (not directly from a clod of soil...

Published in: English
Editions available: 1
Goethe: With Special Consideration of His Philosophy
Paul Carus - Goethe
PREFACE GOETHE, the man, the poet, and the author, has been described over and over. His works have been translated, interpreted, discussed, and it seems almost redundant to return to him again. And yet we venture to offer a book...

Thema Categories: Biographies, Biographies of Philosophers
Published in: English
Editions available: 1
Nietzsche and Other Exponents of Individualism
Paul Carus - Nietzsche and Other Exponents of Individualism
Philosophies are world-conceptions presenting three main features: (1) A systematic comprehension of the knowledge of their age; (2) An emotional atti-tude toward the cosmos; and (3) A principle that will serve as a basis for rules of conduct.

Thema Categories: Philosophy
Published in: English
Editions available: 3
The Mechanistic Principle and The Non-Mechanical
Paul Carus - The Mechanistic Principle and The Non-Mechanical
This 1913 work on the philosophy of science covers a wide range of topics, including "Mechanicalism and Teleology," "Time and Space," "Man's Divinity," "Mark Twain's Philosophy," "La Mettrie's View of Man as a Machine." Carus's study of the subject from...

Published in: English
Editions available: 1
The Principle of Relativity In the Light of the Philosophy of Science
Paul Carus - The Principle of Relativity In the Light of the Philosophy of Science
An Excerpt INTRODUCTORY. PHYSICAL science seems to have entered into a new phase, the slogan of the new school being THE PRINCIPLE OF RELATIVITY. In some quarters the current modes of thought are declared antiquated, and the promise is made...

Thema Categories: History and Philosophy of Science
Published in: English
Editions available: 3
The Philosophy of Form
Paul Carus - The Philosophy of Form
About the Book Philosophy is the study of problems concerning matters as fundamental as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Pythagoras (c. 570–495 BC) is said to have coined the term.

Published in: English
Editions available: 1
The Pleroma: An Essay on the Origin of Christianity
Paul Carus - The Pleroma
About the Book Books about the History of Christianity discuss the origins and development of the Christian religion over the past two millennia, during which time Christianity spread throughout Europe, went through a Protestant Reformation in the 16th and 16th...

Thema Categories: Historical Essays, Philosophical Essays
Published in: English
Editions available: 3
Philosophy As A Science: A Synopsis of the Writings of Paul Carus
Paul Carus - Philosophy As A Science: A Synopsis of the Writings of Paul Carus
FOREWORD IN preparing this sketch of the philosophy with which I have identified my work, I have found it now and then unavoidable to be more personal than is my wont. However, the use of the pronoun in the first...

Thema Categories: History and Philosophy of Science
Published in: English
Editions available: 2
The Bride Of Christ: A Study In Christian Legend Lore
Paul Carus - The Bride Of Christ
Excerpt from The Bride of Christ: A Study in Christian Legend Lore Marriage of the Catharines. By Borgognone. The Marriage Of St. Catharine. By Fra Bartolommeo. St. Catharine Of Siena. By Lorenzo da San Severino. St. Catharine of Alexandria. By...

Published in: English
Editions available: 1
The Foundations of Mathematics: A Contribution to the Philosophy of Geometry
Paul Carus - The Foundations of Mathematics
An Excerpt: THE SEARCH FOR THE FOUNDATIONS OF GEOMETRY: HISTORICAL SKETCH. AXIOMS AND THE AXIOM OF PARALLELS.

Published in: English
Editions available: 2
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