Ernest Bax

Ernest Belfort Bax
Vital Statistics
 Name: Ernest Belfort Bax
 Country of Origin: United Kingdom
 Occupations: Philosopher, Social Critic
 Specialties: Men's Rights, Feminism, Free Speech / Free Thought Advocate
 Year born: 1854
 Year died: 1926
 Age: 72
 ISNI: 0000 0001 0908 611X
 LCNA: n50005505
 Attribution:
Original Curator: John Graffio

Bax was a passionate advocate for the social and legal rights of men, which he saw as lacking in comparison to the legal rights of women. His first major article on the subject was Some Bourgeois Idols; Or Ideals, Reals, and Shams (1886), in which he proposed that women were privileged under law at the expense of men. He was to continue writing articles on this topic for most of his life, published notably in Social Democrat, and Justice, and later in The New Age.

In 1896, he wrote The Legal Subjection of Men whose title is a play on John Stuart Mill's 1869 essay "The Subjection of Women." In the volume Bax draws on his extensive experience as a barrister to demonstrate the numerous ways in which the legal code worked in favour of women and to the detriment of men and boys. Chapters in the book include 'Matrimonial Privileges of Women', 'Non-Matrimonial Privileges of Women', 'The Actual Exercise of Women's Sex Privileges', and 'A Sex Noblesse'.

Bax was an active antifeminist since, according to him, feminism was failing to address inequities for both sexes evenly. According to Bax, the "anti-man crusades" of his day were responsible for anti-man laws being both preserved from the old legal canon, and for new laws being passed that were also anti-male and sexist. Bax wrote many articles in The New Age and elsewhere about English laws partial to women against men, and women's privileged position before the law, and expressed his view that women's suffrage would unfairly tip the balance of power to women. In 1913 he published a book, The Fraud of Feminism, detailing feminism's adverse effects.

Bax's concern for men's equality fueled his interest in socialism, to which he turned for a potential solution to what he viewed as the exploitation of males by the capitalist system: 

Collaborators
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Articles Published

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Condensed List of Works
Detailed Body of Work
(22 listed)
Reminiscences and Reflexions Of A Mid And Late Victorian
Ernest Bax - Reminiscences and Reflexions Of A Mid And Late Victorian
Excerpt from Reminiscences and Reflexions of a Mid and Late Victorian The following chapters were written at intervals during the year 1916. They were taken in hand on the suggestion of two well-known London publishers, who assured me that autobiographical...

Published in: English
Editions available: 1
German Culture Past and Present
Ernest Bax - German Culture Past and Present
An Excerpt From The Preface: The following pages aim at giving a general view of the social and intellectual life of Germany from the end of the medieval period to modern times. In the earlier portion of the book, the...

Thema Categories: Social and cultural anthropology
Published in: English
Editions available: 3
The Fraud of Feminism
Ernest Bax - The Fraud of Feminism
In the following pages it is not intended to furnish a treatise on the evolution of woman generally or of her place in society, but simply to offer a criticism on the theory and practice of what is known as...

Thema Categories: Men's Rights, Feminism and feminist theory
Published in: English
Editions available: 3
Problems of Men, Mind, and Morals
Ernest Bax - Problems of Men, Mind, and Morals
An Excerpt From The Preface: The series of essays comprised in the present volume includes some pieces not before published, together with others that have already appeared in substance in periodical or journalistic form. These latter, however, have all been...

Thema Categories: Ethics and moral philosophy
Published in: English
Editions available: 2
The Last Episode of the French Revolution
Ernest Bax - The Last Episode of the French Revolution
An Excerpt From The Preface: Of all the leading actors in the great drama of the French Revolution, there is probably none less known to the average reader of history than the subject of the present volume. All that has...

Thema Categories: History of France
Published in: English
Editions available: 3
The Roots of Reality
Ernest Bax - The Roots of Reality
An Excerpt From The Preface: In the following pages the author, starting from certain postulates, founded in the consistency of consciousness itself, seeks to rough-hew some outlines indicating the leading directions such as it appears to him any future philosophic...

Published in: English
Editions available: 1
Essays in Socialism: New and Old
Ernest Bax - Essays in Socialism
Ernest Belfort Bax presents us with twenty-five essays on socialism; it is somewhat clear that Bax is presenting us with a more balanced and stringent analysis of this topic.

Thema Categories: Socialism and left-of-centre democratic ideologies
Published in: English
Editions available: 2
Jean-Paul Marat: The People's Friend
Ernest Bax - Jean-Paul Marat: The People's Friend
An Excerpt From The Preface: As being perhaps the best abused man in modern history, the “People’s Friend” had always exercised a fascination over the writer of this volume. The verdict of the “world” on a public character, as well...

Published in: English
Editions available: 2
The Rise and Fall of the Anabaptists
Ernest Bax - The Rise and Fall of the Anabaptists
An Excerpt From The Preface: The present volume, the third of the series, concludes our studies of the social side of the Reformation in Germany. Anabaptism was essentially a German product and did not take a root in the Latin...

Thema Categories: German History
Published in: English
Editions available: 2
The Peasants War in Germany
Ernest Bax - The Peasants War in Germany
It was the Hörige who were the backbone of all the agrarian uprisings. This middle-class peasant, living in a semi-independent community near the estate of the lord, became aware that the increase of dues and services was transforming him into...

Thema Categories: European history, German History
Published in: English
Editions available: 2
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